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Record Grading

About the record selection presented at this site:

Think of the selection you find here as being collector-to-collector, rather than as dealer-to-collector. Obviously with a relatively small selection, I am not trying to be all things to all people, but I do have a past as a storefront dealer from 1987 through 2001 and my Dad used to ask me why people couldn't sample records in my store like they could when he was a kid. I never really had a good answer to that question except I was selling sealed American records and opening them not only affected my ability to return slow-moving stock but also shattered the faith of some shoppers who held to the illogical American theory that sealed somehow meant "the best". With used records, however, we can and do sample them so you can hear a little bit of what you are considering. Prior to 2017 we didn't offer full track samples from LPs, mostly for copyright reasons, but we provided enough that you can identify the selection and make an assessment of its audio quality. Beginning in 2017 we've expanded those samples to include the full track. We don't edit those samples-what you hear is what you get, although there may be a little variation between your equipment and mine.

I use an inexpensive USB turntable, and Audacity open source software and do not treat for static, beyond employing the use of a Spin Clean cleaner.

Because we provide those samples, you don't have to rely on anyone's subjective grading, but for quick reference I still use some standard record grading notation. Consider it to be play-grading (as opposed to visual).

Record notation I use (since it's "computer graded", and you can listen to samples this notation is not so important). I strongly recommend listening to the audio samples provided to determine whether a record meets your standards. Mint (M) Brand spanking new. Mint Minus (M-)Brand spanking new, but opened. Very Good Plus (VG+) No noise. May display small imperfections such as paper scuffs, or apparently "silent" scuffs. STATIC MAY BE PRESENT: I grade scratches, but don't treat records for static. We also tolerate an occasional tiny snap or two in our VG+ grade if they're inconsistent with the overall side. Lint happens. Very good (VG) Noise (from scratches), but isolated, or not distracting. Good (G) It plays, but noise is distracting. Doesn't skip, however. Poor (P) Not applicable at this time; we don't sell poor. This would be for skipping records.

COVERS: If we're going to over-grade something it will be a cover since there is no objective way to score a cover. It's a varying priority from collector to collector, so I try to rely upon good photography, and a reasonably critical eye but again, look closely if it's important. Individual listings offer a link to my blog where the photography is more detailed than in the catalog. I try to remember to examine the insides of cover as well as their more obvious exteriors.

Mint: Exactly as it came off the shelf, still wrapped.
Mint minus: Exactly as it came off the shelf, except the package has been opened.
Very Good Plus: Very new-looking, but has a minor ding or two here or there, or some other cosmetic flaw.
Very Good: Displays some obvious wear-dulled corners, creases, slight ring wear, not new looking
Good: Serves its purpose, but has "major" flaws such as pronounced ring wear, major seam splits, etc. Writing, holes, notches, stains, other imperfections must be noted.

Flaws on the covers, such as writing, cut-out marks, seam splits, stains, etc., WILL BE NOTED, or they aren't there.

You may assume that the record is in the correct cover unless otherwise noted, and that the album is complete with an inner liner (but it may be a replacement one, ask me if this is important to you), and that it is a U.S. release unless otherwise noted. If you are aware of inclusions which should be in there like stickers or posters, etc., and we haven't noted them, please ask. That's an easy one to overlook.

Glossary Of Music Lingo:
What's a "cut-out"?
A "cut-out" is a title discontinued by a record label, usually because the label president's nephew doesn't like the band's bass player. (That's the Original Explanation from a little note on the store wall)

Cut-outs are prerecorded music in packages that have been "defaced", usually with a saw-mark cut near the edge of the package, or with a small hole drilled through a corner of the package. These cuts USUALLY do not affect play, but can penetrate liner notes, posters, inserts, lyric sheets, and so forth. These products are usually produced at the beginning or the end of the life of the recording. When the recording is new, a number of copies may be "cut" to distribute to the industry (to stores, DJ's, radio stations, etc). When a recording is "old", and is experiencing declining sales, a Label may discontinue it, recall copies from retail, and "cut" them. These cut copies find their way back into the marketplace through liquidators who buy them for pennies on the dollar. There is nothing unauthorized, or illegal about these recordings; they merely yield the artists no royalties, and obviously, the packaging itself can never be referred to without reference to the sawmark (sm) or bb hole (bb) or cut corner (cc), and should never be considered "near mint" even though cut-outs are typically still sealed.

Speculators should be leery of this material, since the cut will eternally mean "this thing was once devalued almost to the point of nothing", but economy-minded consumers will find them a very inexpensive alternative to "new" front-line priced merchandise.



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